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ENGLISH-I Eng(E)-101 2 (1+2+0)

Grammar: Tenses, Voice-Change, Direct/Indirect narration, Prepositions and Determiners, Word-formation with parts of Speech, Types of sentences, Elementary Knowledge of English Sound with Word-stress, intonation Pattern. Composition: letter, Application, Summary and report writing.


MATHEMATICS-I Maths(E)-101 3 (2+2+0)

Differential Calculus: Indeterminate forms, curvature, Taylor's Series expansion, Asymptotes -Partial differentiation: Euler's theorem, Taylor's series for Function of two variables, Maxima- Minima for Function of two Variables, Lagrange's multiplier.

Integral Calculus: Application of intervals, Double, triple integrals, γ and β functions

Infinite series: Convergence and Divergence of Series, tests of Convergence Alternating Series, Absolutely and Conditionally Convergent Series, Uniform Convergence.



Elasticity: Introduction, Stress, Strain, Volume Strain, Shear Strain, Hooke's Law, Poisson's ratio, Statistical Method of measuring modulus of Rigidity, Elasticity of gas, Strain energy of Elastic body, Relation Between g, K, h , and s.

Rotational Motion: Introduction, Moment of inertia and radius of gyration, Theorem of Parallel Axes, Theorem of Perpendicular Axis, Moment of inertia of thin rod, Moment of inertia of circular.

Heat: Introduction, Thermal Conduction, Convection and Radiation, Co-efficient of Thermometric conductivity, Searle's method, Lee's method to Determine Co-efficient of Thermal Conductivity, Measurement of Temperatures, platinum resistance Thermometer, Optical, polarizing Pyrometer.

Wave Motion: Introduction, Progressive Waves, Stationary Waves, and Velocity of Transverse wave in a String, Laws of Sonometer, and Melde’s Experiment.



Water hardness, determination of hardness by compleximetric method (EDTA), Degree of hardness, Chloride dissolved oxygen, dissolved carbon dioxide and Sulfate, Calorimetric method for the determination of pH of water used in Industry.Chemical Kinetics, order and molecularity of Reaction, first and Second Order Reaction. Derivations of Equation for first order and second order reaction determination of order of reaction energy of activation and Arrheneus Equation. Numerical of first and second order reaction. Electrochemistry, Specific molecular and equivalent conductivity, Effect of dilution on conductivity, determination of conductivity, `EMF and its measurements polarization and over voltage, viscosity index.



Details of computer organization and peripherals. Types of Computer, Hardware, Software and working in DOS and Windows environment, Networking, computer viruses. Algorithms and flowchart, program development, Arithmetic expression, program completion, debugging and testing, concept of structural programming, subroutine and function, file management, solution of agricultural engineering problems in FORTRAN.



Construction and use of scales, lettering, construction of plane geometrical figures, parabola, hyperbola and ellipse, special plane curves, cycloid, epicycloid, hypocycloid, involutes and spirals, helix and simple loci, orthographic projection of points, lines, their traces and inclination, projection of solids like prism, cylinder, cone, pyramidimeter section and development of solids. Construction of isometric scales, isometric projections of simple objects, selection of solids and developments of surfaces.Development of surfaces, section of solids, intersections of solids.



AGRONOMY Agron(E)-101 2(1+0+3)

Definition and Scope of Agronomy, Classification of Crop, effect of Weather Parameters on Crop Growth and Development. Principles of Tillage tilth and its characteristics tillage Implements. Soil water Plant relationship. Water requirement of crops and irrigation scheduling, weeds and their control Crop Rotation, Cropping Systems, and Irrigation Scheduling, weeds and their Control, crop rotation, Cropping. Cultivation Practices of Important Field crops, Improved varieties. Seed rate time and method of sowing, Manuring. Fertilization and Plant protection. Concept of dry farming rain water harvesting and in-situ moisture conservation




MATHEMATICS-II Maths(E)-102 3(2+2+0)

Vector Calculus: Differentiation and integration of vector functions, Directional Derivatives, Gauss, Green's and Stoke’s theorems and their applications.

Differential Equation: 1-st order 1-st degree differential equations, linear differential equation with constant co-efficient and variable, coefficient and application Bissell’s and Legendre’s differential equation, partial differential equation.

Matrices: basic properties, solution of a system of linear equation using rank and elementary Transformations, Eigen Value and Eigen Vectors, Cayley-Hamitton theorem.


ENGINEERING PHYSICS-II PHY(E)-102            3(2+0+2)

Electricity: Electrostatics, the electric potential, Electric Fields of moving Charges, magnetic field, Electromagnetic induction and Maxwell's Equations.

Magnetism: Tangent law, deflection magnetometer, Gauss-a and b position of deflection magnetometer, compressions of magnetic moments of two bar magnets by deflection magnetometer, vibration magnetometer, Molecular theory of Magnetism.

Crystal structures: Seven Systems of crystals, Bravais Space, lattice, Crystal Crystal structures (BCC, FCC and SC), lattice dimension, miller indices.

Quantum Theory: Wave-particle Dual Nature, uncertainty principle -Schorodiger equation and its application to particle in a box and harmonic oscillator. Ultrasonics: production, application in ranging, cleaning and drilling.


ENGINEERING CHEMISTRY-II            Chem(E)-102 3(2+0+2)

Chemical Fuels Classification of Fuels, solid fuels, Coal origin and its classification, proximate and Ultimate Analysis of coal significance of constituents, gross and net calorific values by bomb calorimeter, liquid fuels, Advantages, petroleum origin, Classification, refining of petrol, Gasoline, knocking, octane number, Chemical structure and knocking, anti knocking agents, Cracking, Gaseous fuels, Advantages, Manufacture, composition and calorific value of coal gas and oil gas, determination of Calorific value of gas by junker Calorimeter, fuel gas analysis by orsat apparatus, calculations based on combustion, corrosion, definition and its significance theories of corrosion galvanic cell and concentration cell, pitting and stress corrosion, protection of corrosion, use of inhibitors alloying, protective, coatings, metallic and organic. Cement manufacture of Portland cement, vertical shaft kiln Technology chemistry of setting and hardening refractories, definition, properties, classification, properties of silica and fire clays, refractories, glass preparation, type of plastics, compounding of plastics and their Fabrication rubber, natural rubber, vulcanization elastomer and their uses, fibers natural and synthetic fiber, uses of nylon, terilene and rayon, lubricants, classification, type of lubrication, properties and tests.



The subject is completely based on practical. The theoretical topic will be discussed in the practical classes before assigning the practical jobs of Carpentry shop, Smithy shop, Fitting shop, Welding and Sheet metal shop.



Fundamentals of Engineering mechanics, vector and scalar quantity, condition of equilibrium, application of principles of moments and couples, study of coplanar and non-coplanar force system using analytical, vector and graphical approach. Application of laws of friction, wedge and blocks, screw jacks and brakes, machine, reversible machine and non-reversible machine, laws of machine, velocity ratio, mechanical advantage and efficiency of simple lifting machines. Linear motion, velocity, acceleration, projectile, angular and curvi-linear motion, laws of motion, relative velocity, rotational and translation motion, centre of gravity, centroid, moment of inertia, radius of gyration, Newton’s laws of motion, work, power and energy, laws of conservation of energy and momentum, collision of elastic bodies, loss of kinetic energy on impact, centrifugal and centripetal forces, simple harmonic motion. Mechanical advantage and efficiency of simple lifting mechanisms viz. wheel and axle, differential wheel and axle, worm and worm wheel, simple purchase crab, pulleys, principle of virtual work in case of beams and framed structure.


ANIMAL SCIENCE AS(E)-102 2(1+0+2)

Importance of Livestock in agriculture. Basics of anatomy and physiology of ruminant and non-ruminant domestic animals, poultry and fish and their important species and breeds. General principles of breeding. Care and management of livestock and poultry. Artificial insemination, semen preservation. space and sheller layout and requirement for farm animals. Poultry and fish. General principles of feeding. Processing. Preservation and storage of feed and fodder. Milking clean milk production. Live stock products - handling, marketing, and economics. Ongoing efforts in the country and recent trends livestock husbandry, poultry and fish production and processed products aspects needing engineering consideration. Draft potential of various breeds of live stock for farm operations.


HORTICULTURE Hort(E)-102 2(1+0+3)

Scope of Horticulture and Vegetable crops. Soil and climatic requirement for fruits. Vegetables and Floriculture crops improved varieties for site selection. Layout and planting methods. Nursery raising. Macro and micro Propagation methods Plant growing Structure, pruning and training, Fertilizer application, Fertigation. Irrigation Methods Traditional and modern methods. harvesting. Grading and Packaging, post Harvest Practices. Garden tools. Management of Vegetable seeds. Layout of Lawns and kitchen Gardens. Preparation of different Fruits and Vegetable Products.



Basic terms and concepts in economics. Scope of economics. Laws of demand and Market supply, factors governing supply, market and price determination under different Market Situation. Farm Produce marketing systems in India. Place of agriculture in India economy. Depreciation and methods of Calculating depreciation, cost of Cultivation per hectare, cost of production per Quintal. Economic size of Holding Government policies regarding economics incentives for enhancing Productivity and production, Benefit cost ratio, Internal rate of return. Payback period, net present value. Farm management. Meaning, Scope and Important of farm Management farm Planning and budgeting. Sources of farm finance, problems relating to Mechanization, management of land labour, capital and farm machinery, irrigation systems etc. Measures of farm Efficiencies, viz., production efficiency, crop yield index, and cropping intensity.




MATHEMATICS-III Maths(E)-201 3(2+2+0)

Laplace transforms: Introduction, 1-st and 2-nd Shifting Theorems, Inverse-laplace transforms, convolution theorem, and application to linear differential Equation with constant Co-efficient.Complex variables: Analytic Function, C-R Equation complex Integration, Cauchy's Theorem and Lemma, Residue Theorem, Contour Integration Fourier Series: Dirichlet's condition, Half range sine and cosine series, Harmonic analysis.



Seasoning and preservation of timber, painting, anodizing electroplating, nature of work done in foundry shop, preparation of sands like green sand, molasses sand, dry sand, hand tools and equipments used in a foundry shop, molding and casting pattern materials and allowances casting defects, different types of arc welding and gas welding processes like submerged arc, plasma arc, TIG and MIG metal spraying, machinery operations, lathe machine operations, drilling operations, milling operations, grinding operations, introduction of computer in machine shop, necessity of numerical controlled machine, parts of NC machine, advantages of NC machine over conventional milling machine.



SOIL SCIENCE            SS(E)-201 (2+0+3)

Definition of soil, Rocks and minerals, Soil formation and Classification. Soil survey Methods, Land use capacity and mapping, Major Soil Types of India. Soil Texture, classification of Soil Particles and Their Determination, Bulk Density, Particle Density and porosity, Soil Structure, Types of Soil Structure and Management, Forms of Soil water, retention and movement saturated and Unsaturated flow. Energy Concept of soil Water, soil Moisture Constants, soil water Plant Atmosphere Centinum. Soil Moisture Measurement and Soil Moisture Characteristics Curves. Soil Temperature and Soil Air. Soil colloids, Cation and Anion exchange in Soils. Soil Reactions and buffering Capacity. Soil Humus and Its Formation, C: N ratio, saline and alkali Soils and their Reclamation. Soil Fertility Management, Important fertilizers. Soil and Water testing.



Definition, Principles classification and basic concepts of surveying. Basic measurements -plans and maps -types of scales. Principles of chain surveying, selection of surveying station and lines types of ranging and Chaining. Recording the measurement, Offset measurements, Cross staff optical square, Prism square, Obstacles in Chaining and ranging, Chain and tape Corrections, traversing, Plotting. Methods of traversing prismatic and surveyors Compass angle and Bearings, Quadrantal system, local attraction magnetic declination, dip traversing plotting, Bowditch rule Transit rule, errors in Compass survey limits of accuracy. Plane tabling, Instruments and accessories methods and principles two point, three point problems errors in plain tabling minor instruments-hand level- Abney level clinometer Sextant, Planimeter, pentameter, Computation of areas methods.

Leveling definition, Benchmarks, Types of levels, Optical principles, Uses of Telescopes, Sensitivity of bubble tubes, leveling staves, basic principles of leveling, simple, differential and indirect methods- gradient, uses-effect of Curvature and refraction Check leveling, reciprocal leveling precise leveling Permanent of levels, earth work Computation.



Elasticity Stress and Strain -Elastic limit - Hooke's law- Young’s modulus- Stresses in bar due to its Own weight, Varying sections and uniformly tapering Circular bars - primary and secondary strain - bulk and shear modulus and their relationship - Volumetric Strain in a body, Principle Stresses and strains, Mohr’s Circle. Temperature Stresses, Resilience. Shear Force and bending Moment Diagram for Simply Supported beams and Over Hanging beams- Centroid of Different Cross sectional Laminae, moment of inertia, parallel axis Theorem and Perpendicular axis Theorem- moment of inertia of different Cross sectional laminae- Bending Stress in beams- Derivation of Bending Equation - Shearing Stresses in beams - Derivation of shearing stresses equation -Derivation of double order Differential equation -Macanlay's Method. Stresses in Thin cylinder and spherical Shells- Derivation of equations for Circumferential and Longitudinal Stresses in Shells and Their applications- Combined bending and Direct Thrust- Middle Third rule-Eccentricity of load-Stability of dam profile Columns and Struts- assumptions made in Euler’s Theory-Derivation of Buckling load equation for Both the ends Hinged. One end of fixed and The other end free -Empirical Formulas for columns Derivation of torsion equation- Shaft coupling and key design of helical and laminated spring - Analysis of Different Types of Propped Beam Subjected to different types of loads- Fixed beam-Mohr’s Theorem- Derivation of equation-determination of Fixed end Moments for beam Subjected to concentrated and Distributed loads.



Ideal and real Fluids, Properties of Fluids, Pressure and its measurement, Pascal’s law, pressure Force on plane and curved surface, Center of pressure, Buoyancy Metacentre, Kinematics of Fluid Flow, Liquids in relative equilibrium, laminar and turbulent flows, velocity distribution, mean velocity, Continuity Equation, Stream line, Equipotential line Flow net, Dynamics of Fluid flow, Bernoulli’s Theorem, pipe Flow, Hydraulic Gradient and Energy Gradient, Fluid Friction, Darcy and weisbach equation. Minor and Major hydraulic losses, Flow Through Orifice, Notches and Open Channel Siphon Power transmission Through pipes. Vortex motion, water hammer, Venturimeter, Orifice meter, Similar and Model studies, Reynold’s number, Froude Number, Introduction to Fluid Machinery.





Units and Dimensions, Electric Circuits, Electromagnetism, Electromagnetic induction, Batteries, Electromotive force, D. C. Motor, Elements of alternating current, Electrical Instruments and measurements.





A.C. Fundamentals principles, D.C. circuits, Poly phase circuits, Principles and operations of transformer, use of instruments, transformer, alternator, synchronous machine, Single phase and three phase induction motors, farm electrical motors, electrical control for farm use, rural and farm transmission systems, Farmstead distribution and utilization of electricity on farm.



Systems and properties, concept of energy, temperature and heat, first law for closed and open system, pure substance and properties, second law of thermodynamics and entropy, boiler mountings and accessories, boiler efficiency, steam engines, rankine cycle, indicator diagram, turbines, I. C. engines, air standard Otto, diesel and joule cycles, Two and Four stroke engines, air compressor.


KINEMATICS OF MACHINES             FMP-204 3(2+0+3)

Types of motion, rigid body motion, conservation of linear and angular momentum, principle of work and kinetic energy, gyroscopic motion, analysis of mechanisms and linkage, velocity and acceleration diagram, gear train, governing mechanisms, balancing of rotating and reciprocating masses, cam follower system, introduction to vibrations, belt, rope and chain drive, dynamometer and brakes.


HYDROLOGY SWE-202 3(2+0+3)

Hydrologic cycle and its component, Meteorological parameters and their measurement, Interpretation of precipitation, interception, depression storage, Infiltration, evaporation, evapotranspiration and effective Rainfall and their measurements, run-off, factors affecting, rainfall -run-off relationship, run-off measurement, Commutation and analysis, hydrographic analysis, unit Hydrograph, S-curve Hydrograph and synthetic hydrograph, steam flow measurement, flood routing, Probability analysis of Hydrological data.



Engineering Properties of soils, Soil Hydraulics, Seepage and Flownet, Stress Distribution, Compressibility, Pressure void Relationship, Consolidation, Shear Strength, mohr’s Circle of stresses, active and passive earth pressure, Stability analysis of earthen Sloper, bearing capacity of soils, Foundations.


FOOD SCIENCE APE-204 3(2+0+3)

Major nutrients serving as food for living cells, brief study of carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, enzymes, nucleic acid, vitamins, essentials oils, Biochemical separation methods. Enzymes and co-enzymes. Major anabolic and catabolic pathways and their regulations. Biochemical changes during ripening and storage of fruits, storage of grains, milk and milk products. Types of microorganisms, Alleger, fungi, bacteria and viruses. Multiplication of bacteria, control of bacterial growth, pathogenic bacteria, food contamination, Industrial bacteriology.


SYSTEM ENGINEERING Maths(E)-202 3(3+0+0)           

System concepts, System approach to Agricultural Engineering Linear programming problems, Mathematical Formulation, Graphical Solution, Simplex method, Degeneracy and Duality in Linear programming, Transportation problems, Assignment Problems, Decision analysis, waiting line problems, project Management by PERT/CPM, Inventory control, Mathematical Models of physical Systems. Modeling of agricultural systems and Operations. Response of Systems. Simulation. Computer as a tool in System analysis.






HEAT AND MASS TRANSFER            APE-301 3(3+0+0)

Introductory concepts on conduction, convection and radiation. Conduction; Fourier's law, thermal conductivity dependence on temperature and pressure in fluids, general conduction equation under unsteady state, heat conduction through composite walls, optimum thickness of insulation. Transient numerical method for unsteady state conduction in simple geometrically shapes e.g. slab, cylinder and sphere.

Convection: Free and forced convection: Newton's law of cooling, film coefficient, correlation of Nusselt number, Prandt number and Reynolds number, Empirical and practical relations for forced convention, condensation and boiling. Relation of Nusselt number, Pradtl number and Grash off number in natural convection systems includes other empirical relations. Combined free and forced convection.

Radiation: Stiffen-Boltzman law, emissivity, mechanism of radiation heat transfer in systems including solar radiation collectors, heat transfer analysis involving conduction, convection and radiation by Network.

Heat Exchangers: Overall heat transfer coefficient, fouling factors, log mean temperature difference, heat exchange mechanism in various types of heat exchangers e.g. tubular, extended surface and plate heat exchangers, effectiveness- NTU relationship.

Mass transfer: Steady-state molecular diffusion in fluids at rest and in laminar flow-Fick’s law, mass transfer coefficients. Unsteady state diffusion. Diffusion in solids, Interface mass transfer.



Basics of agri-business management, Forms of Businesses, Planning, Organising, Controlling, Leading, forecasting for Agri-Business, location and Layout of facilities, work force management, Quality management. Maintenance, Management, Financial Analysis of Agri-Business, Process Strategy, Inventory Management.

Conceptual Development and Rationale for Enterpreneurship development, Dynamics of Enterpreneurship, Characteristics of Enterpreneurs, Developing Enterpreneurial Motivation.



Basic principles, materials & manufacturing consideration in design, marking stresses, fatigue and endurance limit, ISI codes, design of basic machine parts like shafts, keys, spines, couplings, lever etc, design of joints, design and selection of machine components like gears, bearings and belts, complete analysis. Design and drawing of simple machine units, factor of safety, stress concentration, riveted joint, cotter and knuckle joint.



General: Introduction to Renewable Energy Sources and Technologies, Their importance for Sustainable Development and Environmental protection, Production and potential.

Solar Energy: Solar Radiation: Types, Measurement and prediction, Instruments, Solar Geometry, Determination of solartime and Problems Related to it.

Solar Thermal: Heat Transfer for Solar Energy Utilization, Solar Thermal collection Devices such as flat plate, Concentrating and Evacuated tube collectors, their utilization for air heating, Water Heating, Refrigeration, Distillation, Working power Generation etc. Solar Collector Characteristics and performance Analysis Solar Collectors tracking Systems. Solar thermal Energy Storage.

Solar PV: Solar cells, Materials, Principles, I-V Characteristics, Equivalent Circuit, Efficiency, fillfactor, Solar PV, Systems i.e.Lighting, Water pumping, Solar Batteries, Electronic regulator, DC/AC Converters.

Biomass: Classification, Conversion solid, liquid and gaseous fuels, pyrolysis, objectives Principles and application of Improved Cook stoves. Their types and design. Briquetting and Densification methods, gasifications, types of gasifiers and their Working principles.

Biogas: Principles of Bioconversion Source of wastes for bio-treatment, and Analysis Materials, Properties and Use of Biogas, Selection of model and size.

Wind energy: Wind Energy Assessment, wind site selection, types of windmills and Their Characteristics system Design for Electricity Generation and water pumping

Other renewable energy: Introduction and principles of Geo- thermal, Tidal, wave, OTEC and mini and Micro Hydro Energy Systems.



Status and scope of farm mechanization, principle’s of construction, operation and selection of farm machinery use for crop production, primary and secondary tillage equipment, sowing and planting equipment, interculturing tool, different types of sprayers, dusters, aerosols, and nozzles with their working principles, characteristics and performance, harvesting machines, chaff cutters, silage fillers, land development machinery, special machines for sugar cane, cotton, potato and horticultural crops.



Principles of refrigeration effect, carnot cycle, bell column cycle, vapour compression cycle, temperature, entropy diagram, pressure-enthalpy charts, effects of dry and wet compression under cooling, super heating, actual vapour compression cycle, vapour absorption cycle, electrolux, centrifugal and steam jet refrigeration systems, thermoelectric refrigeration systems, vortex tube and other refrigeration systems, ultra low temperature refrigeration.Type and functions of air conditioning, physiological principles in air conditioning humidification and dehumidification, room dehumidifiers. Calculation of cooling and heating loads. Air distribution and duct design methods, fundamentals of design of complete air conditioning systems.



Soil erosion types, wind and water Erosion Effects and causes of soil erosion Factors, effecting erosion, Classification of water erosion Splash, sheet, rill, gully and stream bank erosion, mechanics of erosion, estimation of soil loss, wind erosion control wind break and shelter belts, Biological and engineering measures, contour farming, strip cropping, contour bunds, Graded bunds and terraces. Design storm and design flood, intensity, frequency, duration analysis, design principles of bunds and terraces, design of vegetative and grassed water ways, gully control structure temporary and permanent gully control structure, drop spillway, chute spillway and drop inlet spillway, water harvesting structures, earthen embankment, watershed and sediment transport.


STATISTICS Math(E)-301 3(2+0+3)

Statistics: Statics- population parameter, Arithmetic, Weighted, Geometric and Harmonic means, mode and Median for ungrouped and grouped data. Frequency Distribution. Standard Deviation. Mean Deviation and co-efficient of variation. Simple and Multiple Comulation Coefficients. Time series analysis and sampling.

Fitting Equations to data. Normal equation -Regression co-efficient. Curvilinear regression, Tests of Significance's' test and 'x' test. Distribution- types, normal poison and binomial Distribution, Confidence levels.





Grammar: Language in use in terms of synonyms, antonyms, acronyms etc., Word-blending, Common-error and Correct English Usage’s, Types of Writing, -stress on technical/ scientific Writing, Dissertation or Thesis Writing, Study of International Standard of Technical Report Writing, Review of literature models, reference-cards preparation etc.

Communication: Different Speech Acts, Public Speaking and Seminar Presentation.

Applied Topics: Guidance in particular Competitive Exams Such as GMAT, GRE, TOEFL, and BSRB Etc.



Building Materials: Properties and Classification of Conventional building materials, like bricks, lime, cement, sand, course aggregates etc. Classification of seasoning and preservation of timbers, use of materials like plywood, asbestos, plastic and PVC, glass, Aluminum etc. in building and sheds. Use of flash and flash Products in Construction and water proofing materials for concrete.


Structure design: Concept of determinate and Indeterminate Structure, Moment of inertia of sections, bending moment, and shear force diagram and design of steel and concrete beams, design of steel and R.C.C. Column and Column Footings. Design of roof Slabs, roof trusses, portion and tracings for Sheds, concepts of Ferro- cement Structures like grain containers used in agricultural work. Structural details of Underground and over head liquid containers, soils cold Storage Structures and open web Structures. Concept of Detailed and abstract estimates, introduction to departmental Schedules, estimation procedure for Buildings, Sheds and roads.



Introduction to computer application packages, use of computer application software packages like windows base word processing, FOXPRO, LOTUS, Hardware graphics, MSOFFICE etc.

Introduction to C, Information management such as DATA storage/ retrieval validation, security, manipulation presentation and report generation. Email, Network connections.



Introduction to post harvest operation to process cereals, pulse, oilseeds moisture content, cleaning and separation. Principle, methods of parboiling, physical- chemical change during parboiling. Nutritional and cooking qualities. Grain milling operations. Rice milling, milling of wheat, corn, pulses and spices. Handling equipment for a grain market. Indigenous and modern oil extraction process and machinery. Developments in oil extraction. Utilization of by products of cereals, pulses, oil seeds and spices. Packaging of cereals, pulses and oil and their products.



Definitions, philosophy and scope of agricultural extension. Basic principles and their application to Agricultural Engineering. Extension program planning and its importance. Transfer of technology training and visit system. Monitoring of extension activities and feed back. Agora industrial extension status need and scope. Role and qualities of an extension worker.


FARM POWER FMP-302 3(2+0+3)

Power availability on the farms from animate and inanimate sources of energy their capacities and efficiencies, tractor engine components and their construction, operating principle and function of engine systems, valve and valve mechanism, fuel and air supply alongwith its characteristics, cooling, lubrication, ignition, starting and electrical systems, engine governing, transmission systems of wheel and track type tractors, clutch and brake, gear box, differential, PTO, belt pulley and draw bars and final drive mechanisms, power tillers and small engines for farm operations, performance and cost analysis of farm tractors and power tillers.



Ground and water hydrology: Elementary Concept and Definition, role of geologic formations and aquifers in ground water flow. Elementary theory of ground water movement, hydraulics, Types and Mechanics of well flow for steady and unsteady states of flow. Analysis of aquifers.

Method of well Construction: Construction of dug, bored, driven, jetted, drilled and tubes wells. Well drilling methods. Well logging, well screens and their types. Preparation of wells assembly and its lowering, growing and gravel packing. well development methods. Well completion and maintenance. Testing of wells. cleaning of screens, Boring and blasting for developing water resources. Fishing tools.

Pumps: Types of Pumps, theory of Reciprocating, Centrifugal and Turbine pumps, laws, specific speed and N.P.S.H, Component of pumping System. Computation of system head curves, Selection of pump. Installation of pumps. Pump troubles Causes and remedies rotary, submersible, propeller and airlift pumps. Wind mills and solar pumps. Indigenous water lifting devices. Planning for a well irrigation system. Study of wells and well irrigation in Gujarat State. Compression of lift irrigation and gravity irrigation system in respect to water management, irrigation efficiency and economics of irrigation. Planning and design of lift and Minor irrigation systems. Status of lifting irrigation in Gujarat.



Assembling and dismantling of different systems of tractors and engine systems.

Acquittance with driving of tractors.Periodic. maintenance of plough, harrow, cultivator, disc plough, disc harrow etc. Periodic maintenance of threshers and combine harvesters. Visit to farm machinery manufacturing company.




Water Resource Development and Utilization in India, Major and Minor irrigation Schemes of Gujarat, water Requirement of Crops, Measurement and Estimation of consumptive use and evapotranspiration, irrigation Efficiencies and irrigation scheduling, Land Grading and land Preparation for Irrigation and Drainage, design and Maintenance of irrigation Channels water conveyance and Control structures Design and evaluation of Irrigation water Application Methods, Flood, border, Furrow, Check basin, Sprinkler and drip. Irrigation water Quality and irrigability Classification. Description Planning and layout of irrigation canal System in command Area, Specific discharge for canal sections Canal scheduling, canal seepage measures and regulation, cross-drainage and Outlets. Problems of command area, Operation Maintenance of minor Distribution and water courses. Concepts of CAD and activities Under CADA.





Principles of drying mechanism of drying of solids, drying rate curves etc. Engineering technology in food processing for rejected foods of commercial importance for plant and animal origin. Properties of food and vegetables, process parameters and equipment for sorting, washing, handling, peeling, slicing, blanching, mixing and handling, chilling: packages: transportation storage and preservation technology. Application of quality control techniques.



Electronic devices and their characteristics, study of rectifiers, amplifier, oscillators, operational amplifier, multivibrators, digital circuit, sequential and combination systems. A/D and D/A conversion, Thyristors and their application. Modulation and inverters. Introduction to microprocessor, programming of microprocessor, using assembly language, application of microprocessor in data acquisition and control of agricultural engineering processes. Introduction to generalized instrumentation system, Absolute and secondary measurements, accuracy, precision, sensitivity and errors in measurements. Primary sensors and transducer. An instrumentation and measurement of humidity, temperature, moisture contents, fluid flow, pressure, force, strain, resistance strain gauges, torque.



Tractor performance characteristics, torque, speed, power and specific fuel consumption, traction theory, chassis mechanics, stability, steering and turning, Ackerman’s steering geometry, tractor hitches and hydraulic systems, tractor testing and controls, human factors in tractor design and operational safety, introduction to other non conventional power sources.



Materials of construction of farm machinery and their properties, design of transmission of power components and system in agric. Machines, fits and tolerances, design parameters of agree. Implements, force analysis of primary tillage tools and their hitching systems, design consideration of reapers, mowers, harvesters and threshing equipment, application of design methods to the systems of selected farm machinery, bill of materials and construction cost in project design, principle's of ergonomics and their applications to agriculture, ergonomic measurements and enthropomatrics.





Drainage problems, Courses and effects of water logging and Salinity and control, Drainage Requirement for Various Crops, surface and subsurface Drainage Investigation, types of drainage Systems, planning, design Layout of Surface and subsurface Drainage systems, drainage Water quality, Recycling of drainage water for Irrigation.



Engineering for rural living and development, Design, construction and cost estimation of farm structures for rural housing. Animal shelters, Dairyfarm fertilizers, fodder produce, fencing and implement sheds, planning for a rural communities center. House for cows, buffalo poultry, piggery and goatery etc. Rural roads, their construction and cost, repair and maintenance. Rural water supply, sources of water supply, norms of water supply for human being and animals. Drinking water standards and water treatment suitable to rural community. Food behavior and spoilage in storage, conditions for storage of perishable products: Economics, aspects of fruit and vegetable storage, functional requirements, of storage, control of temp-erature and relative humidities inside storage, calculation of refrigeration load; modified Atmospheric storage and control of its environment, air movement inside, MAS, storage sanitation. Storage of grains: Destructive agents, respiration of grains, moisture and temperature changes in stored grains; conditioning of environment inside storage through natural ventilation, mechanical ventilation, artificial drying, grain storage structures such as Bukhari, Morai, Kothar, silo design, control of environment inside silo. Introduction to green house and its application in agriculture.



Dairy development in India. Engineering properties of milk and milk products, preservation and processing principles. Market milk and manufacturing of various dairy products. Unit processes and related equipment such as clarifiers and separators. Homogenizers, Pasteurizer and processing of milk. Ice cream freezers. Butter churns and cheese making equipments. Dairy of milk and milk products. Dairy plant design and layout; plant sanitation and hygiene. Dairy plant management. Study of specifications, design and operation of sanitary pumps. Clarifiers, centrifuge, homogenizes, pasteurizers. Milk chillers, butter churn. Evaporator and spray and drum, dryers, freeze dryer. Can washers, bottle washers and filters. Composition and approximate analysis of food products. Deterioration in factory and their controls. Physical, chemical and biological methods of food preservation. Water activity and its control changes undergone by the food components during processing. Flow process chart of processing various agricultural produce like milk, meat, poultry, and fish. Identifications of common unit operations in all these processes. Physical unit operations; freezing thermal processing, dehydration, humidification and dehumidification. Properties of air, water, vapor, mixture, psychrometry.



Familiarization with the process of formulation of Indian Standards in agricultural Engineering, Standardization Agencies in the BIS, OECD, ISO, RNAM, US (ASAE, ASTM and NEBRASKA); testing standards for tractor machinery, Equipment and Terminologies, Certification marking, testing agencies in the country. Planning for Quality. Quality controls Measurement, Statistical methods in Quality Function, Computer application in Quality control.



PROJECT I            AE - 401 3(0+0+9) ,                         PROJECT II     AE - 402 3(0+0+9)

Study on a specific problem in Agricultural Engineering Planning, design, development, fabrication, testing, evaluation and analysis of parameters. The study will vary according to the type of the project. Each candidate is required to prepare and submit monthly progress reports and report on the project work at the end of each semester.

At the end of the study in the 8th semester a comprehensive final report of full study is to be prepared by each student and to be submitted by a specified date at the end of the 8th semester.

Each student will be assigned a project. He will be graded on the basis of the project report and viva-voce on the project work by internal and external examiners.


STUDY TOUR AND REPORT            AE - 403       1(21 DAYS)

After 6th semester i.e. in the final year there will be a study tour for 3 weeks during which students will visit places of agricultural engineering interest such as irrigation projects, manufacturing industries, agricultural processing and food industries and research institutions. On return from the tour, the student has to submit a report.


SEMINAR AE - 404 1(0+0+3)

Each student is required to prepare a comprehensive write up on a technical subject well in advance and submit it to the teacher incharge for approval. He is required to give a talk for about hour preferably with visual aids, with or without short notes before the audience. At the end of the talk he is required to answer questions. He will be graded on the basis of quality of technical write-up, presentation in the seminar, ability to answer the questions. Each student has to give one talk in the semester. All senior teachers will participate in seminar.




Characteristics of agriculture and agro-industrial project components. Project identification, feasibility surveys and investigations. Analysis of natural resources, technical, social, Financial and economic data. Preparation of bankable feasibility reports. Product financing project Implementing and Management, management objectives, management techniques PERT and CPM use in Project management.



Measurement Systems and error analysis, measurement of level, flow, temperature, strain, pressure, vacuum, force, torque, power, displacement, vibration, acceleration, pH, colour, viscosity, Surface tension and composition, indicating and recording instrument, digital displays, transmitting and telemetering devices. Introduction to control system- feedback and feed forward control strategies, block diagram, laplace and inverse laplace transforms mathemetical models of physical systems, transfer functions steady state analysis. Dynamics of first and second order systems. Mode of control and generation of control action: PPI and PID controllers; Final control elements and valve positioners; Frequency response and root locus analysis, stability and Quality of overall control systems, digital control. Electronic, pneumatic and hydraulic control systems and their application in farm machinery, food processing industry, aquaculture and their applications, milk processing plants.



Principle of Plant growth and reproduction; cellstructure, cell division and cell cycle; structure of nucleic acids, transcription and translation; metabolic pathways; Respiration, photosynthesis, N2 fixation; plant tissue culture: cell tissue and organ culture, protoplast culture and somatic Hybridization, micropropagation, mass production technology and automation; secondary metabolite production; recombinant DNA Technology and its applications; Environmental biotechnology.


PACKAGING TECHNOLOGY                 APE-422 3(3+0+0)

Function of Packaging, Packaging materials, their structural Qualities, Effect of these Materials on Packed commodities, Methods of Package testing and their Performance evaluation, scope of locally available packing materials in industry. Economics of packaging indigenous methods of packaging food products their merits and demerits scope for improvements, rent developments in packaging systems and equipment.



Seed Production technology: General Principles, Nucleus and seed Foundation and certified seed hybrid seed testing: sampling for purity, germination, viability, vigour-procedure and standard techniques. Factors affecting viability and vigour of seed. Heat and Moisture damage. Seed certification standards, Legislation and inspection. Basic seed processing operations -Machines and plants for cleaning separating and Grading; seed treatment; seed packaging and Storage; handling marketing and distribution. Seed industry in India and their role in agriculture development.



Boiler: Properties of steam, boiler types, accessories to boilers, pressure vessel design, heat transfer in boiler, design of fire tube and water tube boilers, economizer, drought in boilers, performance of boilers, flue gas analysis, water treatment for boilers. Water treatment for microbiological safety Cleaning of processing plants: Chemistry, microbiology, CIP

Wastewater treatment: Analysis of oxygen demand, BOD, analysis of gas transfer, aerobic and anaerobic decomposition of wastewater, biochemical reaction kinetics, analysis of biological, design of reactors, effects of recycle, design of trickle filters.



Application of design Engineering for Processing equipment; Design parameters, Codes and materials selection; Design of handling and milling equipments, dryers, Heat exchangers, Pressure vessels; Optimization of Design with respect to process Efficiency, energy and cost; application of computer techniques in design optimization.



Physical Characteristics like shape, size, density, porosity, surface area; rheological properties of solid and liquid foods: Stress-strain relationship in static and dynamic condition, mechanical models; texture evaluation by subjective and objective methods and texture profile analysis; mechanical damage- its causes, detection and evaluation; aero and hydrodynamics Characteristics including estimation of drag coefficient, drag force, thermal velocity, friction characteristics and measurements of solid friction; thermal properties: thermal conductivity, specific heat and diffusivity, optical density, CIE colour index of liquid and solid foods; Electrical Properties; Dielectric constant, Capacitance and electrical resistance; application of the physical Properties to processing, Storage and handling of foods and biomaterials.



Testing of power units and other agriculture machinery field and laboratory tests. Agricultural machinery testing. Its concepts, type International and Indian test codes and procedure testing equipments, machine performance and data analysis. Test reports.



Manufacturing process, workshop organization, and production techniques of agricultural equipment, product knowledge, product promotion, Distribution and post-sales services. Study of management technique in production plants. Design of Production plant for manufacturing agriculture equipment.


INDUSTRIAL MANAGEMENT            FMP-423 3(3+0+0)

Plant location and layout of machinery, design of work systems. Production planning and control. Quality control and Reliability. Inventory control labour time and motion Study in agro -industrial plant. Engineering and incentives to increase productivity and production safety.



Traction theory, design and functional requirement for tractor development, engineering and field aspects of design and application of tractors for farm and industrial use, tractor engines, transmission, steering front, suspension, chassis, wheels and types of hydraulic and hitching, systems, understanding of policy of government agencies for pattern, manufacturing and road permission etc. Consideration of ergonomics in tractor design.


LAND DEVELOPMENT MACHINERY                 FMP-425 3(2+0+3)

Land development requirement techniques, study of the land development sites, selection of land development machinery, method of clearing tropical forest, scrub jungle, reclamation of weed infested land, study of different land development machinery like tractor, dozer, loader, scavator, ditcher, subsoiler, leveller, crawler, grader etc. Calculation of cut and fill soil volume, technical know-how and repair and maintenance of land development machinery, stocking of spares and handling of mechanical store, Cost of operation of selected machinery, details or information of the manufacturers and specifications of the land development machinery.



Human factors in system development, energy liberation and transfer work, energy and mechanical efficiency of human body. Anthropometry and its application, biomechanics of motions, controls, and related devices and their design considerations. The man-machine system concept, human behaviour, models; thermal and non-thermal factors and their influence on human performance, case studies on ergonomics.



Identification of various forms of biomass, importance of biomass and its use in gasifiers, briquetting, water pumping, power generation, cooking and furnaces, design of gasifier. Plantation for renewable energy, i. e. wood as a fuel, charcoal, producer gas, different types of species for energy plantation. Concept of biogas, different types of biogas plants, biochemical reactions, biogas from municipal and industrial wastes. Design operation, maintenance and economics of biogas plants.



Solar thermal Energy: Estimating of solar radiation on horizontal and inclined surfaces. Principles of Heat transfer, theory, design and performance of flat plate collectors, testing of collectors, concentrative collectors, optical and thermal efficiencies, composite reflectors, tracking and non-tracking systems. Selective coating, mathematical modelling of solar air heater, solar still and solar cooker. Types of solar dryers its theory and design aspects. Solar photovoltaic: Review of semiconductor photovoltaic effect, silicon solar cell technology (single, crystal, poly-crystalline amorphous). Design of PV systems. Array sizing, battery sizing, and photovoltaic power generation. Solar Green House: Introduction, basics of plant growth green house design, performance prediction of thermal environment in green house. Solar refrigeration and air conditioning: Types of solar cooling systems, solar operation of vapour absorption and refrigeration cycles and their assessment. Solar desiccant cooling systems. Passive Solar architecture: Introduction cooling, types of passive heating and cooling systems. Building orientation and design.



Definition of rural development and its scope in India. Role of rural development in socio- economic development in India. Central and state government policy concerning rural development. Status of rural education, health and nutritional agriculture and rural industries. Role of voluntary agencies in rural development. Identification of potential engineering inputs. Development of project formulation and availability of finance peoples. Perception in rural development. Suitable laboratory should be planned on above topics.



Biosphere concept; major ecosystem and sub-systems; biodiversity, conservation of natural resources and techniques of maintaining the balance; environmental modification and its priority; environmental stress and pollution: types and sources; Environmental quality; standards, measurement and monitoring; agricultural pollution and its control.



Concept of water management, land use classification, characteristics of small water shed, water balance methodologies, national watershed management policy, hydrologic behaviour and monitoring of watersheds, effect of conservation practices and vegetation on stream -flow and sedimentation, preparation of feasibility report, planning of multi-purpose small scale projects, cost- benefit analysis of watershed programs, people participation in watershed program.



History of command area development in India. Identification of the problems leading to inefficient use of water, use of earth moving machines for land development work. Problem soil lining materials land consolidation and various socio-economic aspects. Benefit cost ratio of command area development projects water delivery systems-canal capacity, water application and scheduling, performance indicators, Consumptive use of surface and ground water resources, case studies.



Basic principle of remote sensing, energy sources and radiation principles, energy interaction in the atmosphere and with earth surface features. Active and passive remote sensing systems. Platform, sensors, Photogrammetry, earth resource satellite, image interpretation, digital image processing, basic concepts of GIS, Remote Sensing and application for land and water resources.



Design consideration, Hydraulic and structural designs, types of soil conservation structures, different types of spillways, gully control structures, Detailed Planning of erosion control structures, Design of small earth dams for agricultural uses and rural living, methods of construction, design details instrumentation in earthen dam, selection of site and construction material, seepage analysis, stability analysis, slope protection treatment of rock formation, case histories of earthen dam projection reservoir sedimentation reservoir losses.



Open channels and their properties, energy and momentum in open channel flow, critical flow computations and applications, uniform and its computation, boundary layer concepts, surface roughness, velocity distribution and instability to uniform flow gradually varied flow theory and analysis, methods of computation, hydraulic jump, spatially varied flow. Flow through channels of non-linear alignment unsteady flow.



Design of centrifugal pump, Design of sprinkler irrigation- components, size of pipe, nozzle and matching pumping systems; design of micro- irrigation system- microsprinklers, microjets, emitters, bi-wall, bubblers, size of pipe, fertigation unit, filter and matching pumping system.

Automated irrigation equipment, drainage material, design of sub-surface drainage system-tube diameter and perforation; filter outlet design and pumping unit. BIS specification for irrigation and drainage equipment.








Irrigation Engineering AE 901 2(1+1)

Definition and scope, history and development of irrigation in India, sources of irrigation, pumping irrigation water, measurement of irrigation water, conveyance of water, planning, design, layout and cost estimate. Irrigation structures, flumes, inverted, syphons, drops, head gates, diversion boxes, turnouts. Land levelling for irrigation, implements for preparation of fields, design and evaluation of surface, over head and sub surface irrigation methods, water conservation techniques, planning layout and cost estimate.


Drainage Engineering AE 902 2(1+1)

Definition and scope, problems of drainage in India and Gujarat, causes of drainage problems. Needs and benefits of drainage, criteria of drainage preparation of drainage plans, surface and subsurface drainage investigations, design principles of surface and sub surface drainage, cost estimate and execution of drainage works. Installation and maintenance of the drains, control of alkalinity and salinity by drainage, leaching requirement.


Agricultural Hydrology AE 903 2(1+1)

Elements of surface hydrology, hydrological cycle, characteristics and analysis of hydrological data. Estimation and measurement of rainfall, distribution of rainfall in time & space, analysis of rainfall data. Estimation and measurement of runoff, hydrograph analysis, steam flow measurement, measurement of silt in runoff water, principles of upstream flood control.


Well and Pump Engineering AE 903 3(2+1)

Surface and ground water, water bearing formations, ground water prospecting, hydraulics of wells, ground water recharge, wells, their construction, deepening and boring, water lifting devices, selection, installation care and maintenance.


Engineering of Soil-Water-Plant Atmosphere System AE 905 3(2+1)

Water and its properties, static water in soil, entry and distribution of water into soil, flow of water, water transport through soil-plant-atmosphere system, evaporation, evapotranspiration and their measurement, distribution of important meteorological parameters in boundary layer, water balance and energy balance in field measurement and calculation of terms in water conservation equation.


Soil and Water Conservation Engineering AE 906 3(2+1)

Definition and scope, soil erosion problem in India, water erosion, gully control structures, design and cost estimate, vegetated water ways and design, contour, bunds, terraces, their design, layout, construction and maintenance, cost estimate, farm ponds planning, design construction and cost estimate, reduction of seepage and evaporation losses form farm pond surface, wind erosion, its mechanics, sand dune formation and stabilization, its control measures, engineering techniques of dry farming.


Operation and Maintenance of Plant Protection Equipments AE 907 2(1+1)

Principals of spraying and dusting, sprayers their types, constructional details, pressure regulation, calibration of nozzles, dusters, types, constructional details, details of hoppers, blowers, discharge outlets, selection and repair maintenance of sprayers and dusters.


Farm Machinery AE 908 3(2+1)

Principles of operation and selection of machinery used for production and processing of crops, study of ploughs, harrows, clod crushers and pulverizers, cultivators, seed drills and planters, sprayers and dusters, mowers and reapers, threshers and combines, cost analysis of typical farm machines, chaff cutter, silo-fillers, forage harvesters, land grading equipment.



Farm Power AE 909 3(2+1)

Sources of farm power, IC engine cycles two and four stroke cycle engine operating characteristics, CI and SI engine construction and various systems. Engine tests, clutch, transmission, differential final drive, brakes, hydraulic system, traction devices, steering and controls, tractor maintenance and repair, tractor testing.


Farm Structures AE 910 2(1+1)

Planning of farm stead, layouts, functional planning, building materials used in construction of farm building, farm roads and their construction, fencing-types, erection, care and maintenance, construction of building like dairy, poultry etc. storage for fruits, vegetables. Dampness and its prevention, fire proof construction, accountics of buildings, thermal insulation of buildings.


Mechanical Separation and Materials Handling AE 911 2(1+1)

Mechanics of separation, separating machines, design consideration, materials handling systems and equipments pneumatic conveying, feeding devices.


Size Reduction, Classification and Mixing AE 912 3(2+1)

Mechanism of reduction, energy requirements, tillage operations as size reduction, size reduction of food and feed, size reducing machines and their performance, size reduction of liquids, homogenizers, colloid mills and spray formers, area and population, fineness modules and uniformity index, mixing, theory of mixers, rate and power consumption.


Process Engineering AE 913 3(2+1)

Processing of farm crops, hay and seeds, cereal grains and their products for food and feed, processing of animal products, fruits and vegetables for food.


Dairy and Food Engineering AE 914 3(2+1)

Freezing of food mixes, design of steam systems, pasteurization and sterilization, evaporation and dehydration, production of cream and butter, food plant sanitation and introduction to food plant design.


Storage Engineering AE 915 3(2+1)

Storage systems and changes in stored products, storage of cereal grains and their products, storage of seeds, hermetically sealed and air cooled storages-refrigerated, controlled atmosphere and frozen storages.




Engineering Mathematics MATH 500 3(3+0)

Tensor analysis: N dimensional space, summation, convention, contravariant and covariant vectors, invariants, second and higher order tensor, addition, subtraction and multiplication of tensor. Quotient law, symmetric tensors of second order, Christoffel symbols, transformation law of Christoffel symbols, covariant differentiation of tensors. Special functions: Orthogonal set of functions hypergometric, Hermite and Laguere and Green's functions, Sturm-Licuville problem. Integral transforms: Introduction, formal development of complex fourier transforms, cosine and sine transforms, transforms of derivatives, application of transforms to LUP for differential equations. Conformal mapping: The geometrical representation of functions of Z, conformal mapping, by-liner transformations, Schwars-Christoffel transformations. Calculus of variation: Introduction, Euler and Lagrange equations constrained extremals, boundary conditions, Method of approximations


Advanced Mathematics I MATH 510 3(3+0)

Vector field, vector calculus, divergence and curl of a vector field, theorems of Gauss, Green and stokes in vector notation complex variable, elementary theory of analytical function, complex integration (Cauchy's integral formula). Power series expansions, Laurent expansion, singlularities, Residues, Schwars Christoffel transformation, Laplace transformations, tensors.




Advanced Mathematics II MATH 511 3(3+0)

Matrices, determinants, inner products, norms and orthogonality, orthogonal bases, eigen values, Gamma, Bessel and Legendre's functions, Fourier integrals, ordinary and partial differential equations.


Numerical Analysis MATH 512 3(3+0)

Newton's formulas of interpolation, interpolation with unequal intervals of the argument, Central difference interpolation formulas, inverse interpolation. Numerical differentiation and integration, quadratic formulas, Numerical solution of ordinary and partial differential equations. Numerical solution of integral equations. One step and multi step methods for initial and boundary value problems.


Optimization and System Analysis in Agricultural Engineering MATH 520 3(3+0)

Mathematical preliminaries, concept of optimization, methods of optimization, application of optimization techniques in agricultural engineering, system, non linear system concept, classification of system, dynamic system, non linear system and their analysis numerical solution of ordinary differential equations, time varying systems and their analysis.


Statistics STAT 530 3(2+1)

Basic concepts, simple problems and applications of the following topics. Probability: Sample spaces, simple and compound events, mutually exclusive, equally likely and independent events, definition of probability, classical, statistical and axiomatic approach, addition and multiplication laws of probability, conditional probability. Random variables, discrete and continuous, probability density function (pfd), cumulative distribution function (cdf), mathematical expectation, mean and variance of a random variable, joint pdf; cdf, marginal and conditional densities, independence of random variables. Binomial, Poisson, hypergeometric, geometric, multinomial distribution, their means and variances, normal distribution, its properties and simple problems, lognormal exponential and weibull distributions. Definitions and applications of t, F and X2 chi square distributions. Statistical Inference : Estimation confidence intervals. Testing of hypothesis regarding means, variances, proportions. Regression and Correlation : Linear and curvilinear regression with one independent variable, linear correlation, the test of significance of regression coefficient and correlation coefficient. Applications : Applications to quality assurance, control charts X, R P and C charts, tolerance limits, acceptance sampling. Applications to reliability and life testing; exponential and weibull distribution models.


Computer Science COMP 540 3(2+1)

Introduction of C language, input-output statements, concept of integer variable, arithmetic expression. The while, do while loops, the for loop, user defined functions, array, pointers, structures and file management in C language. Studies of engineering and statistical packages. A concept of data base management.


Advance Computing Methods COMP 541 3(1+2)

Numerical Methods: Simultaneous solution of linear equations, numerical integration, numerical solution of ordinary differential equations, roots of equations, sorting, searching. Statistical Methods: Use of any of standard statistical package. Programmes on linear regression, multiple regression and polynomial regression, analysis of variance (ANOVA). Word processing, documentation/presentation tools and graphics software. Project management software (Harvard project manager). Networking and Communication : Basics of Analog and digital communication. Modems, multiplexures, networking topology, LAN, WAN and electronic mail.


Computer Graphics and Data Processing COMP 542 3(1+2)

Introduction to graphic, Basic principles of computer graphics such as transformation, modelling, segmentation and graphical input/output. Graphic devices, graphic standards, popular algorithms in computer graphics. Software-Auto CAD. Database Management: Data manipulation with software like dBASE. Data - Data processing - Informaiton - Data collection -Recording - Sorting - Classifying -Calculating -Storing -Collating - Retrieving -Summarising -Communicating, Hierarchy of data as a description of relations among the data base and its files/ records/ fields. Elements concepts concerning relational databases. Creating files -Adding records - Deleting/Editing records - Modifying file structure - Selecting searching of records data - Data manipulation and calculations within and across files - Report generation. Data analysis software - Spreadsheet software like EXCEL/LOTUS 1-2-3. Analysis of data for future planning and projections - Ease of analysis with tabular formats - Spreadsheets. "Modelling" for analysis/Forecast/Projections/Scheduling with electronic spreadsheets.



Dimensional Analysis and Similitude 2(2+0)

(Same as SWE 900, FMP 900, APE 900, EN 900, RE 900 and AEE 900)

Dimensional and units, dimensional and similarity analysis, dimensional homogeneity, complete set of dimensionless products, Buckingham's theorem, determinants, transformation of dimensionless products, theory of models, true, distorted, and dissimilar models, application to structural and fluid flow systems, differential equations and similarities.


Research Methodology 2(2+0)

(Same as SWE 901, FMP 901, APE 901, EN 901, RE 901 and AEE 901)

Basic concepts of research, History and development of research in Agricultural Engineering, planning and organization of experiments for data acquisition and analysis. Type of research methods, experimental designs, equipment and principles under lying their uses. Scientific periodicals and literature related to the subject. Form and style of writing research papers, review articles, research reports and thesis. Selection of research problem and preparation and submission of research projects. Interpretation and evaluation of research data considerations and requirements for setting up a research laboratory research organization, supervision and administration. Recent trends of research in Agril. Engineering.


Mechanical Measurements 2(1+1)

(Same as SWE 902, FMP 902, APE 902, EN 902, RE 902 and AEE 902)

Fundamental methods of measurement, Indi-cating instruments, transducer, potentiometers, PH meters, measurements of temperature, pressure, flow, speed, frequency, velocity, liquid level, water purity, force, torque, shaft power, heat flow, humidity, multi variate analysis of problems, hand-ling of variables as sub system or as integral system, maximization of functions, algorithmic and dynamic programming, digital computer organization, problem formulations, programming languages different statements, solution of linear equations, statistical problems, principles of blong computers and use.


Advanced Fluid Mechanics 3(2+1)

(Same as SWE 920, APE 920)

Fluid flow concepts and basic equations, kinematics and dynamics of fluid flow, methods of describing motion, velocity, acceleration, Euler'sequation, stress and deformation components for general cases, fundamental equations derived from principles of mass transfer and conservation of mass, momentum and energy, ideal fluid flow vortex, irrotational and rotational flow, velocity potential, stream function, flownet, two and three dimensional flow, boundary layer theory velocity distribution.


Soil Engineering 3(2+1)

(Same as SWE 921, FMP 921)

Physical and Engineering properties of soils, stress, deformation, shear strength, consolidation and comp-action, embank-ments, pilea, potential and stream functions, flownets, pressure distribution diagram, earth pressure theory, retaining walls, Coulomb's earth pressure theory, stability of slopes, stability of foundations, soil loading tests, settlement of buildings, soil explorations.


Flow Through Porous Media SWE 922 2(2+0)

Physical and chemical properties of the fluid and medium fundamental concepts of water diffusivity, gas diffusivity mathematical concepts applicable to diffusion, solution to some unsaturated flow problems, theories of saturated flow, confined and unconfined flow phenomena and analysis, steady and unsteady flow phenomenon and analysis of different types of flow models.


Evapotranspiration SWE 923 2(1+1)

Definition, solar radiation and its distribution in time and space and its utilization by crops, turbulent transfer of heat and momentum, radiation exchange and heat transfer in a low plant cover, measurement of radiation, leaf and air temperature, humidity and wind profiles within plant cover, theory evaporation and evapotranspiration, their estimation and measurement, thermodynamics of flow through plant cells, dynamics of water movement through soil-plant-atmosphere system, stomatal aperature, photosynthesis and actual evapotranspiration relationship, evapo transpiration in mathematical modeling and optimization of design and regulation of irrigation systems and for utilization of limited resources in agriculture, production functions of evapotranspiration.


Advanced Soil Mechanics and Earthen Dams SWE 924 3(2+1)

Soil Mechanics: Soil structure, theory of elector osmotic flow, mechanics of expensive soils, compaction and consolidation of soils, strength theories, stress-strain theory, settlement analysis of soils. Earthen Dams : Design criteria for small earthen dams for erosion control and for farm irrigation. Seepage through and beneath the earthen dams, and its control for a different embarkment and foundations, free board requirement, stability of dam. Construction of pore pressure and their influence. Conducts through earthen dams, protection of upstream and downstream slopes, Typical design for different conditions, field compaction and control, construction, planning and plant for an earthen dam.


Soil and Water Engineering SWE 940 3(3+0)

Introduction, models and simulations, review of different models, production function, simulation of system response, micro and macro level optimization, competition for water for different uses, systems approach to allocation of water use for maximum economic efficiency in development of a region legislation of water rights, technical and legal operation, method of distribution, measurement, regulation of flows conservation and reuse of water, financing water resource development work and laws of tenancy, land use, ownership, reforms and its scope, other systems of ownership tenancy and working of land for agricultural production.


Ground Water Engineering SWE 941 2(2+0)

Hydrological and engineering consideration of ground water developments, properties affecting storage and movement, ground water investigation, theories of ground water movement, analysis of flow under various boundary conditions, image well theory, ground water recharge and model studies, well drilling and construction methods, selection, and installation of well screens, developing and completing water wells, quality of ground water, salt water encrcachment, well specifications and standards.


Open Channel Hydraulics SWE 942 2(1+1)

Open channels and their properties, energy and momentum in open channel flow, critical flow computations and applications, uniform flow and its computation, boundary layer concepts, surface roughness, velocity distribution and instability to uniform flow, gradually varied flow theory and analysis, methods of computation, hydraulic jump, spatially varied flow, flow through channels of non linear alignment, unsteady flow.


Farm Irrigation Systems Design SWE 943 3(2+1)

Irrigation water needs, study of design and application of farm irrigation systems including conveyance, distribution, control structures, selection and classification of land for irrigation, advanced study of the fundamentals and concepts of overland flow as applied to the design of surface irrigation systems hydraulics and economics of sprinkler irrigation design, sub surface irrigation, hydraulics and design of trickle irrigation, choice of irrigation method-management.


Farm Drainage Systems Design SWE 944 3(2+1)

Surface and subsurface drainage-investigations, hydrological basis for drainage design, occurrence of peck flows subsurface drains into homogeneous isotropic soils and anisotropic heterogeneous soils. DF theory & ditch drainage, design of sub surface drains, improvement of land through drainage, leaching requirement, drainage requirement, drainage structures, layout and construction of farm drainage system, outlets and legislation involved.


Rainfall Runoff Modelling SWE 945 3(3+0)

Philosophy of modelling and classification of models, design of hydrological network, techniques of estimating mean areal rainfall, techniques of estimating rainfall excess, rainfall-runoff-relationship, linear and non linear theory of hydrologic systems, linear and non linear models, dynamic and kinematic wave models, numerical methods, convergence, stability, choice of an objective function, optimization techniques, parameter sensitivity and error analysis.


Hydrology and Mechanics of Erosion SWE 946 2(2+0)

Recent advances in analysis of rainfall data and recasting for water management planning. Statistical parameter, evaporation, evapotranspiration, and estimate of excess and deficit periods. Flow problems from inter connected bonded plots. Erosion : Various types of Erosion and the detailed study of their mechanics, sediment transport from watersheds, relation of sedimentation of reservoir functioning measurement of sediment yields. Control of erosion by land and crop management practices, watershed management, erosion control on non aerable lands. Control of stream bank erosion.


Land Development Engineering 2(1+1)

 (Same as SWE 960, FMP 960)

Job planning and management, consideration in engineering planning of developing land for agricultural purposes, principles of operation, analysis of production rates, performance cost and selection of land development machinery, land development techniques, calculations, land development with reference to Gujarat, ravine land development, kharland development, economics of land development.


Advanced Structures for Soil and Water Conservation SWE 980 3(2+1)

Design considerations, hydraulic and structural designs, types of soil conservation structures, different types of spill ways, gully control structures, detailed planning of erosion control structures, design of small earth dams for agricultural uses and rural living, methods of construction, design details instrumentation in earthen dams, selection of site and construction material, seepage analysis, stability analysis, slope protection treatment of rock formation, case histories of earthen dam projection, reservoir sedimentation reservoir losses.


Advances in Drainage Research SWE 981 3(2+1)

Hydrodynamic equations, different boundary conditions for steady and unsteady state systems, analytical approach to solve boundary alue problems, approximate methods of solutions, analogy between heat flow, electric flow, and flow through porous media, applications to drainage investigations, numerical and relaxation methods, Heleshaw model, electric analog, resistance analog, and electronic computer, laboratory and field experimental design.


Advanced Agricultural Hydrology SWE 982 3(2+1)

Advanced study and analysis of hydrology of agricultural water sheds, theory of measurement of hydrological data and its analysis applying mathematical, statistical and graphical techniques, run-off hydrographs for complex storms, synthetic and instantaneous hydrographs, rainfall relations, stream flow routing, yields from basins under different agricultural uses, instrumentation and hydrometeorology.


Command Area Development SWE 983 3(2+1)

Definition and scope, resource study, limits of soil, water and climatic resources and its judicious use in crop production. Project planning and multidisciplinary approach in command area development cost- benefit estimates, follow-up action, applicability of the principles for on-farm development programs and sub-catchment areas.


Irrigation Water Management SWE 984 2(2+0)

Integrated approach to irrigation and drainage problems. Application of mathematical models-linear, dynamic programming of water resource development, allocation, distribution, utilization and development of cropping system. Conjunctive use of surface and ground water. Technology for increasing the efficiency of agricultural water use, planning under risk and constraints of energy and other inputs.


Water Resources Planning and Management SWE 985 2(2+0)

Probability concepts in water resources development, engineering economy in water resources planning, water requirements distribution system and purification methods for municipal and industrial use, water quality for irrigation sewage disposal and treatment methods.



Advanced Strength of Materials FMP 920 3(2+1)

Plane stresses, metal failure theories, Mohre's circle, determination of stress and strains under compound loading in shafts, beams etc. Torsion & buckling of columns, elastic strain energy, theory of failures, stresses in the plates, shafts and thick cylinders, stress concentration, mechanical properties of material, fatigue, creep and stress relaxation, shear centre, unsymetrical bending curved flexural members, non circular shafts, stress analysis and measurements, agricultural machine design with strain gauge and photoelastic techniques.


Theory of Vibrations FMP 922 3(2+1)

Analysis of single and multiple degree of freedom, system using Newton's law of motion, the energy method, Rayleigh's method, Lagrange's equation, the mechanical impedance method, influence coefficient and matrices method, introduction to transient vibration in a system using a place transform and vibration of continuous media, vibration measuring instruments, application of vibrations.


Farm Machinery Dynamics FMP 923 3(3+0)

Analysis of displacement, velocities, acceleration and forces in machine parts having reciprocating, rotating and combined motions, balancing, fly wheels and vibration in machines, systems involving design of farm machine elements with analytical, empirical and simulation principles, digital and analogue simulation of machinery elements, research reviews on design and analysis of farm machinery and machine components.


Safety Engineering FMP 924 2(2+0)

Engineering principles of accident prevention, economic hazards of accidents, design of machinery for safety and comfort of operations, and power tool hazard, arc welding, flame welding hazards, toxic materials, health engineering, probability of accidents in farming operations and their prevention.


Ergonomic Principles and Practices FMP 925 2(2+0)

Concepts and design criteria to achieve optimum mutual adjustments of man and his work measurements of the physical and mental capacities and limitation of human beings in relation to the stresses and demands of working environment


Soil-Plant-Machine Dynamics FMP 940 3(2+1)

Soil environmental requirement of plants, dynamic properties of soil influencing plant behaviour, relationship of soil parameters to force acting on tillage tools-conventional rotary, oscillating, stress strain relationship in soils, failure patterns and pulverizations effect of speed on energy requirements, similitude approach to the study of tillage tools in indoor and outdoor bins.


Farm Machinery Design and Production FMP 941 3(2+1)

Design procedures, factors influencing design, problem analysis in design of important farm machines, development of machine prototypes, design application for bullock drawn implements, production procedure, development of farm machinery industries, process planning and manufacture of components in batch and in mass, problem of special interest, inventory control and process design.


Theory and Design of I.C. Engines FMP 942 3(2+1)

Analysis of reciprocating engine cycle, thermo-dynamics and combustion, effects of fuel air mixture, variable specific heats, chemical equilibrium and dissociation and heat losses, characteristics of fuel combustion and knocking phenomena, carburation and injection, cooling and lubrication theory, testing of IC engines, performance characteristics with reference to farm tractors. Design of IC engines for farm power and allied needs.

Advanced Farm Power FMP 961 3(2+1)

Present and future needs of farm power, Indian Farming construction, design features and performance characteristics and scope of utilization of conventional and alternative sources of power and power units, performance test of IC engines, Tractor test codes and testing, electric motors, new trends in farm tractors, engines, electric motor and its control, designs, comparative design features of farm and industrial engines with specific treatment to intermediate source of power.


Farm Machinery and Power Management FMP 962 3(2+1)

Draft and power requirement, field capacities, elements of cost of use, analysis and methods of estimating repair cost pattern, relationship of field capacity and timeliness of field operations, estimation of returns from farm machinery systems approach in farm machinery management and application, maintenance scheduling of operation, equipment replacement, and inventory control of spare parts.


Agricultural Equipments Testing and Evaluation FMP 963 3(2+1)

Various standards of tractors and agricultural machinery, tractor test and tests codes, standard procedure for testing of different agricultural machines and equipment, evaluation of the field performance of different machines.


Harvest and Post Harvest Machinery 3(2+1)

(Same as FMP 964, APE 964)

Study of conventional methods and machines and recent advances in harvest and post harvest equipment for soils planted and row crops. Critical appraisal and analysis of interaction between operation, machines and materials as met within multiple cropping systems.


Advanced Topics in Design FMP 980 2(1+1)

Discussions on selected Topics in Agricultural Machinery Design.


Advanced Fluid Transport Machinery 2(1+1)

(Same as FMP 981, APE 981)

Advanced topics in the design of fluid transportation machinery turbo blowers for diesel engines, torque convertors and fluid couplers for heavy earth moving machinery, fans and blowers used in the threshers and combines, design of different elements of centrifugal pumps, testing of turbo machinery, performance characteristics and analysis of losses, analysis of fluid transportation systems with applications in Agricultural Engineering.


Tractor Design and Analysis FMP 982 3(2+1)

Engineering aspects of design and application of tractors for farm, industrial and military use, tractor engines, transmission, steering front, suspension, chassis, wheels, and tyres, hydraulic and hitching systems.



Heat Transfer in Process Engineering 3(3+0)

(Same as APE 921, EN 921)

Heat transfer problem of agricultural product processing involving conduction, convection and radiation with main emphasis on conduction. Different approaches to their solution including finite difference and finite element techniques.


Mass Transfer in Biological Materials APE 922 3(3+0)

 Molecular transport in gases, solids and liquids, Multicomponent diffusion, molecular diffusion coefficients, unsteady diffusion, turbulent transport, interphase mass transfer, diffusion in porous solids, diffusion in biological solutions.


Transport Processes 3(3+0)

(Same as APE 923, EN 923)

Mass, momentum and energy balances, interphase transport in isothermal and non isothermal systems, macroscopic balances in isothermal and non isothermal systems, analogies between momentum, heat and mass transfer.


Food Thermodynamics APE 924 2(2+0)

Water activity, free energy, closed and open system, Clausius-Clapeyron equation, phase equilibria. One and multi component systems.


Engineering Properties of Biological Materials APE 925 3(2+1)

Biological materials, uniqueness in relation to other materials, physical characteristics, shape, size, volume, density, surface area. Mechanical properties, stress, strain time effects, rheological models and equations, aerodynamic characteristics and frictional properties, application of engineering properties in handling, processing machines and storage structures.


Agricultural Rheology APE 926 3(3+0)

Rheology, kinematics of deformation and flow, empirical models of non-newtonian fluid behaviour, determination of fundamental consistency constants for food materials, problems of processing and manufacture.


Drying and Dehydration APE 940 3(2+1)

Theories of drying, Drying models, Advanced topics in drying and dehydration of food, feed and seed products.


Advanced Farm Structures 2(2+0)

(Same as APE 941, RE 941)

Heat flow in farm building, heating and cooling load, determination of water vapour transmission in farm building, ventilation, physiological reaction of live stock and human beings to environment, environmental control on farms, live stock buildings and storage structures, selection of material and equipments, design of farm buildings to suit locally available materials and equipment for optimum production and handling.


Principles of Packaging APE 942 3(2+1)

Chemical and Physical properties of packaging material, testing methods and procedures, legal aspects of packaging, packaging machines, economics of packaging.


Food Process Engineering I APE 960 3(2+1)

Food Process Engineering II APE 961 3(2+1)

Application of engineering unit operation to various phases of processing, processes considered would include advanced topics in size-reduction, mixing, and mechanical separation along with those involving heat and mass transfer.


Process Instrumentation and Controls APE 962 3(2+1)

Control loop, time leg, speed of corrective action, stability, accuracy, calibration, errors, resolution, sensitivity, deadband, linearity, hysteresis, regulation, gain response rate. Single speed floating action, proportional speed and position action, frequency response. Principles and operation of mechanical and electrical components in automatic controls, instruments for measuring and control of temperature, flow, pressure and level. Control system for HTST pasteurizers, hot water tank, vacuum pump, double effect evaporator and spray dryer, speed control A.C. motor, protective device for motor.


Environmental Control in Agricultural Processing APE 963 3(2+1)

Control of temperature and humidity, methods of odour control, design of an environmental control system, heating, ventilation and exhaust system, air distribution and air cleaning, combustion of fuels and fuel burning equipment, air water contact operation, evaporation, process and product air conditioning, instruments and measurement codes and standards.


Milling of Food and Feed APE 965 3(2+1)

Milling processes of wheat, pulses, rice other cereal grains and spices, design considerations for milling equipment, chaffing and dehydration of forage crops and feed preparation and design of feed manufacturing equipment.


Processing of Pulses and Spices APE 966 2(2+0)

Pulses and spices, their physical and biochemical characteristics, drying and processing of different pulses and spices, familiarization with handling, processing, packaging and storage equipment, their constructional features, operations and maintenance, processing and utilization of pulses and spices wastes, economics of processing.


Oil Seed Processing APE 967 2(2+0)

Sources of fats and oils, cleaning and storage of oilseed, methods and equipments for extraction, refining and hydrogenation of oils, storage stability, use in food and other industries, manufacture of margarines shortenings, salad oils and dressing etc., quality control of products.


Processing of Fruits and Vegetables APE 968 2(2+0)

Harvesting, handling, storage, processing operation and equipments. Cold storage, freezing, thawings, canning and dehydration, manufacture of important fruits and vegetables products, Quality control, By-product utilization.


Process Equipment Design APE 980 3(2+1)

Design of selected unit operation machinery for specific processing operations. A complete design of an equipment is required for each student.


Design of Processing Plant APE 982 3(2+1)

Salient features of processing plants for cereals, horticultural crops, poultry and meat products, selection of processes controls and handling equipments, plant layout, plant elevation, location of plants, sanitation, plant installation, power and power transmission, project design, flow diagrams, cost analysis.


Engineering Economy and Plant Management APE 983 3(2+1)

Analysis of comprehensive process engng problems in production planning, material handling in procurement, production and marketing, time study, industrial organization and plant lay out, general discussion strategies, discussion under risk and uncertainty, inventory and control, purchase and sale management, marketing and research, data processing.


Advanced Topics in Storage Engineering APE 984 3(2+1)

Interaction of storage environment with stored products, heat and mass transfer in product and across storage boundaries, design of cold, controlled atmosphere and frozen storages.


Agricultural Waste and Byproduct Industries APE 985 2(2+0)

Engineering and bio-chemical properties of cereals, legumes, oilseeds, fruits and vegetables, plantation crop, livestock and aquatic waste utilization in various industries, formation of byproducts and waste, furnaces and boilers run on Agricultural wastes and byproducts, briquetting of biomass as fuel, production of briquetted charcoal, generation of electricity using surplus biomass, producer gas generation and utilization, waste treatment and disposal, design, construction, operation and management of institutional community and family size biogas plants.



Solar Energy System EN 920 3(2+1)

 Importance of solar energy and its application in crops drying, air and water heating, cooking, lighting, seed treatment and preservation. Principles and design criteria of solar water heaters, solar crop dryers, solar cookers and solar absorption refrigeration systems, storage of energy by rock, water and phase exchange medium. Measurement of solar radiation, reflectivity, absorptivity, transmissivity and thermal conductivity. Design of photovolatic cells. Economics of various solar energy systems. Operation and maintenance of solar operated appliances systems and equipments.


Wind Mill Engineering and Management EN 922 3(2+1)

Concept of wind power and its use in water lifting and power generation. Principles and design criteria of different types of mill, operation and maintenance of wind mills, Economics of operation of wind mills. Recent advances in wind mill engineering at National and International levels. Management of project run on wind mill energy. Management of crops irrigated by wind mills. Management of power generated by wind mill for lighting, water pumping industries and various operations in Agriculture.

Biomass Engineering EN 924 3(2+1)

Identification of various forms of biomass. Importance of biomass and its use in gasifiers, briquetting, water pumping, power generation , cooking and furnaces. Plantation for renewable energy i.e. wood as a fuel charcoal, producer gas. Different types of species for Energy plantation. Design of different gasifiers, furnaces, stores, briquetting plants. Economics of various systems of biomass run plants, equipments, operation and maintenance. Design of rural base industries run on biomass. Concept of biogas, different types of biogas plants. Bio-chemical reactions in biogas from municipal and industrial wastes. Operation and maintenance of biogas plants. Economics of biogas plants.


Direct Energy Conversion System 2(2+0)

(Same as EN 940, RE 940)

Solar energy and its utilization, solar cell, thermo-electric and thermonic devices, wind energy, fuel cell, magneto hydrodynamic energy conversion, biogas theory, design of energy converters with special reference to rural living.


Rural Energy Survey 2(2+0)

(Same as EN 945, RE 945)

Identification of different sources of energy in rural areas, development of techniques for carrying out effective, meaningful and data base survey. Collection of data on different sources of energy in different areas. Present energy use in all the operation of day to day life and Agricultural operations. Estimate the future energy demand and suggest the measures for meeting the requirements.


Integrated Rural Energy Planning and Organization 2(2+0)

(Same as EN 984, RE 984)

Importance and scope of rural energy planning and organisation present status and future thrusts. Objectives of integrated rural energy planning, conventional and non-conventional sources of energy, biomass, photosynthesis, efficiency of energy conversion by different plant species, plantation for energy, wood as a fuel, charcoal, producer gas, biogas, their production, equipment required and application, design of integrated systems using solar, biomass, biogas and wind for lighting, cooking, water pumping, power generation for various uses in Agriculture both for renewable sources of energy, development of pilot villages, industries run solely on integrated sources of renewable energy. Operation and maintenance of industries and plant.



Rural Planning and Management RE 920 3(2+1)

Importance and scope of rural planning, present status, objectives of Rural planning, location and layout of rural houses, public buildings, livestock building and roads, rural infrastructural facilities, their location, development and integration, planning for rural water supply, public health and sanitation. System approach to rural planning. Management of rural development projects. Management of rural roads, public building, water supply and sanitation education, public health and pollution control.


Advanced Structural Analysis RE 921 3(2+1)

Theory of plasticity, ultimate load theory, moments at failure of beams, Whitney's theory of ultimate strength, yield theory and their application, structural behaviour of shell type, structures, specific shear design of shell roof, membranes theory, edge disturbance, experimental stress analysis, design of steel structure, plate girder, built up beams, etc.


Advance Reinforced Cement Concrete Design RE 922 3(2+1)

Reinssener's method of design of R.C.C tanks, supporting tower for circular tanks, underground tank, stress under own weight, water earth pressure and external loads, advantages of prestressing types, freyssinets systems, Magnel system, Lee-Maacall system, electrical pre-stressing, precast unit, fire resistance, design of beams, bending of cables and blocks, testing a pretensioned beam, shear and bond stress, ultimate strength.




Rural Housing RE 923 2(2+0)

Requirements and problems. Material of construction, alternatives for economizing design of different components, detailed cost estimates, water supply and sanitation, utilization of solar energy in the control of house environment, temperature and humidity control, illumination standardization in structural components, low cost housing design advocated by different agencies, rural community centres and utilities rural roads, wells, community biogas plants, composting, construction of modern houses with provision of smokeless chullahs, stores, solar cookers, ventilation, sanitation storage, animal shelter, passage and solar hot water system.


Rural Technologies Development RE 924 2(2+0)

Status of technologies in rural areas, identification of processes, industries, programmes and projects requiring the technologies development of appropriate technologies for oilseed and fat processing, spices, grains, pulses, power generation, biogas production, low cost housing, production of value added products, development of flow process diagrams and technologies for rural based agro-industries relating to the pre and post harvest farming operation, and construction of roads, houses, manufacturing of farm equipment and machines. Economics of operation of developed technologies.


Electric Power Utilization on Farm RE 960 3(2+1)

Principles of application of single phase and three phase A.C. circuits, transformer and D.C. machines, switch gear and control equipment, types of motor available, starting and running characteristics, speed control, electric braking, temperature rise, rating speed time relation, load equalization methods, application of electrical drives with reference to farm roads, principles of selection, installation and maintenance of electrical motors and controllers, supply and distribution of electric power for farm utilization, heating resistance, induction and dielectric, electric arc welding, electrolytic processes illumination engineering reduction of energy costs, power factor improvement, safety measures in rural electrification.


Rural Pollution and its Control RE 961 3(2+1)

Sources of pollution, Pollution in agriculture, sanitation system, surface and subsurface drainage, microbiology of sewage, disposal, treatment, environmental anitation and control, rural health organization and administration.


Rural Water Supply and Waste Disposal RE 962 3(2+1)

Estimation of water requirement for human consumption, animals, kitchen gardens, etc. source of water supply, pumping storage, conveyance, treatment of water, purification, filtration, design of storage reservoirs, their construction and maintenance, drought frequency, water supply during drought, disposal of human and animal waste, manurial value of wastes, collections, storage and transport of liquid and solid wastes, economics of waste, management, biogas, design and construction of biogas plants, disposal of animal carcass, processing of byproducts, litter, bonemeal, poultry feed, poultry waste management.


Environmental Control for Animal Production RE 980 3(2+1)

Environmental factors, effects of environment upon animals, solar radiation, energy transmission in structures from solar radiation effects, shading of structures from direct solar radiation, effects of heat and moisture produced by animals on the internal environment, control of temperature and humidity, methods of odour and dust control, complete design on an environmental control system for specific animal production facility.


Engineering for Fish Culture RE 981 3(2+1)

Fish farm engineering relation to construction of various types of fish tanks, construction of different types of surplus escapes for fish farming with screening arrangements, mechanical means of controlling weeds in fish tanks, mechanical aspects of deep sea fishing and fish preservation, mechanical means of desilting of tanks to maintain proper depth of fish pond, mechanized fishing.





Farm Stead Planning and Management RE 982 2(2+0)

Principles of farmstead planning, planning of livestock farms, crop farms and mixed farms linear programming applications in farmstead planning, recycling of animal waste and agricultural waste as manure, fuel and feed, design of equipments for feed and waste handling on the farm.


Rural Industries Development and Management RE 983 2(2+0)

Background and history of rural based industries in the country, Present status and scope of development of rural based industries. Identification of location specific rural industries on the crops and other infrastructural facilities. Development of the rural based industries for food, fibre, spices, feed, seed, oil, manufacturing of farm equipments and machines, service centres, management of rural projects, management of power resources and organisation of management programmes for rural youths, farmers, extension workers. Layout of rural based industries, Management of capita required for rural industries and planning for earning profit to the rural people and repayment of loans. Operation and maintenance of industries. Economics of the operation of industries. Incentives for bringing the rural industries back to village from urban areas.


Integrated Rural Development RE 985 2(2+0)

Status of rural education, health, nutrition, agriculture, rural industries and rural economy, rural sociology ongoing efforts of Central and State Governments and voluntary agencies. Identification of potential Engineering inputs, bank loans and other various developmental programmes.




Extension Programme Planning AEE 920 3(2+1)

Nature and importance of programme planning. Principles and philosophy of programme planning. Study of growth of planning process. Steps in planning strategies of different plans. Developing a sound extension programme. Annual plan, rolling plan, perspective plan, role and function, and interrelation of national development council, planning commission and State level bodies. Role of various institution statutory and non-statutory bodies. Usa of local leaders in planning implementation.


Programmes and Strategies for Agricultural Engineering Development in India AEE 921 3(3+0)

Historical development of Agricultural Engineering. Present programmes of Agricultural Engineering Education, Agricultural Mechanization: R&D, manufacturing, and extension programmes for farmers and agro-industrial extension soil conservation, irrigation and drainage engineering developments in India. Advances in agricultural process and food industries. Government policies and programmes. Role of ICAR and ISAE.


Organization of Agricultural Mechanization Extension Programme AEE 922 2(2+0)

Definition of Agricultural Mechanization, its role in development of agriculture, scope for agricultural mechanization in India. Government policies and programmes linkages among R&D organizations, small scale manufacturing industry extension workers and farmers. Various methods for organizing extension programmes for demonstration on agricultural implements, machines and equipment for production and processing, preparation, technique and aids required.


Organization of Soil and Water Engineering Extension Programmes AEE 940 2(2+0)

Role of soil conservation, irrigation and drainage water management in development of agriculture in India. Various agencies involved in execution of various programmes on S & W Engineering projects. Various methods for organizing extension programmes for soil and water engineering programmes.


Organisation of Rural Technologies Extension Programmes AEE 941 2(2+0)

Definition of Rural Technology. Survey of traditional and new rural technologies. Role of rural technologies in agricultural development. Agencies and organizations dealing with development of rural technologies. Need for extension of rural technologies for techno-economic development. Methods of demonstration of rural technologies for extension. Preparation and aids required for extension. Monitoring and feed back.


Communication Process in Extension AEE 960 3(2+1)

Meaning, nature and importance of communication, functions of communication, communica-tion as a process. Communication and learning, models and theories of communication, key elements in communication. Communication fidelity, factors affecting fidelity, loss and distortion in communication, feed back-nature and effects. Types of communication media. Communication and social changes. Different agencies of agriculture, communication in India and Gujarat. Communication strategy for agricultural development. Effective public speaking. Problems of communication & reviews of significant researches in area of agril. communication.


Agro Industrial Extension Programme AEE 961 2(2+0)

Present status of industry manufacturing tool, implements machines and equipments for agricultural production and processing. Role of small scale manufacturing units, and their problems regarding raw materials, production technology, finance, marketing and service after sales. Linkages between R&D organizations and small scale manufacturers. Laboratory prototypes and their testing and evaluation of performance commercial prototypes and their field testing. Arranging field demonstrations. Government policies for small scale manufacturing sector and organizations assisting small scale manufacturers.


Extension Teaching Methods AEE 962 2(2+0)

Concept and characteristics of teaching and learning processes in extension education. Steps in extension educational process. Setting up the learning situation. Extension teaching methods, classification, merits and demerits. Principles of selection, combination and effective use of various methods. Audio-visual aids-meaning, types, role, merits and demerits, Psychological principles involved. Characteristics, use and care of different audio-visual aids. Identification of low cost A.V. aids. Principle and process of production of audio-visual aids. Salient research on extension teaching methods and audio-visual aids.


Mass Media Communication AEE 980 2(2+0)

Meaning and nature of mass communication. History of mass communication in India and abroad. Role of mass media in rural development. Theories of mass communication. Mass communication and public relations. Impact of mass communication. Relative importance of radio, television and printed media in mass communication. Organization of rural radio and TV programmes, operational aspects of radio and TV scripts. Evaluation of farm broadcasts. Research in mass media communications.


Rural Community Organization AEE 981 2(2+0)

Principles of community organizations. Village institutions Panchayat, Co-operative society and school. Voluntary organizations-structures, functions and relationship of these institutions to village development. Methods and procedures involved in community organizations. Problems and analysis of factors relating to community organizations.


Seminar 1(0+1)

(Same as SWE 999, FMP 999, APE 999, EN 999, RE 999, AEE 999)

Special Problem

(Same as SWE 996, FMP 996, APE 996, EN 996, RE 996, AEE 996)

College of Agricultural Engineering & Technology, Gujarat Agricultural University, Junagadh-362001, Gujarat, India.
Phone: +91-285-2671018; Fax: +91-285-2671018; Email:
WEBSITE architect : Dr. P.M.Chauhan, Associate Professor;